Technology advances in Agriculture
Posted On August 8, 2021
Technology advances in Agriculture
Agriculture technology is a combination of concepts and practices coming from different aspects of agriculture including plant sciences, tillage and agricultural productivity improvement. Agriculture technologians are involved in the design and development of technologies that are associated with the improvement of agriculture. They are responsible for the assessment of problems in the field of agriculture so as to design effective and productive technologies. Agriculture technologists have to work together with other individuals and institutions such as agrochemicals industries, animal physiology institutes, nutrition institutes, physics organizations and other experts to develop effective agricultural technologies. They contribute towards the development of food-chain management and enhance the efficiency in agricultural production and processing.
Technology in agriculture is used to improve the quality of agricultural products and thereby, improve farm productivity. Agriculture technologists identify the technologies that can increase the productivity of the field and help them in meeting the requirements of the consumers. Technological improvements in agriculture are implemented for increasing crop yield, promoting livestock production, preventing soil erosion and improving crop production. Technological advances in the agricultural sector can improve animal health, quality feed, reduce input costs, enhance crop protection, improve crop distribution, reduce fertilizer and seed costs, promote pest control, expand food storage space, improve livestock handling techniques, implement financial solutions and improve management practices for quality agriculture research and innovation.
Technology in agriculture has helped farmers to increase crop yields and reduce the cost related to agriculture. The advancements in this field have led to growth of rich and diversified industries in various parts of the world. These industries have helped farmers to feed their families with surplus produce at economical price rates. agriculture research and innovation are a key feature of agriculture. Various studies and researches on agriculture technology have contributed immensely in promoting and improving this area of agriculture.
Agriculture technologists are engaged in a wide variety of activities to make agriculture more productive. Some of these activities are integrated in the agriculture technology and practice include breeding of better varieties of crops, development of improved varieties, pest control, fertilizing and spraying methods and intensification and extension of cropland areas. Agriculture technologists are involved in improving the productivity of the field by introducing new and modern techniques and practice. They also design the farming system and improve the inputs to make the field more productive.
Biotechnology is one of the emerging and important technologies of agriculture. This technology deals with the use of microorganisms for increasing the productivity of the farm and preventing or eliminating the diseases that may affect the crop. The engineered and modified plants allow farmers to grow crops that are resistant to pests and diseases. In addition, the engineered and modified crops allow farmers to increase the production of key products such as sugar, soy and corn.
Another significant area of agriculture technology is agritech. Agritech is the combination of two fields – agronomy and chemistry – to improve the performance of farming. The basic idea behind agritech is to produce cost-effective and high quality agricultural products through advanced and sophisticated technology. Agriculture companies often rely on agritech to improve the yield and quality of their crops. Agritech involves the application of chemicals and biological agents to increase the productivity of an agricultural crop variety.
Biotechnology and agritech have made possible the growth and marketing of modern day agricultural products such as livestock feed, pharmaceuticals, fertilizers and pesticides. Agriculture has largely remained a self-sufficient industry without external aid for over four thousand years. The emergence of agriculture technology and other new technologies has helped to increase the size of the market for agriculture products. In fact, in some developing countries like India, Brazil and China, farmers rely on agriculture for the revenue generated from crop production alone.
Agriculture technologists are involved in implementing and managing the various farm management systems. They implement strategies and ensure that farmers are able to maximize the potential of natural resources. They provide farmers with information about different types of pest control methods, improve crop production, identify and select top growing plants, determine the most efficient farming techniques and apply genetic management programs to increase productivity. They help farmers develop and maintain good arable soils, improve management of resource utilization, conserve water, reduce costs and improve food safety. They help farmers in conservation and environmental management, conduct research in various fields and ensure the quality and safety of agricultural products.