Significance of Agriculture Technology in India
Posted On August 8, 2021
Significance of Agriculture Technology in India
Agriculture technology is the application of technologies in agriculture, forestry, and aquaculturism with the primary objective of enhancing profitability, productivity and yield. In simple terms, agriculture technology is anything that enhances agricultural production and yields. The scope of agriculture technology has expanded tremendously with advancements in technology. Innovations have resulted in the development of new agricultural varieties. New techniques have been developed for growing and supporting micro and large-scale farms.
Agriculture technology is not a new field of agriculture. However, it has become one of the key drivers of agricultural production in the United States. Technological advances in the agricultural sector have led to the emergence of new concepts such as Ecosystem Management and Wirts Development. These concepts are applied in the management of biological resources and their natural resources.
Agriculture technology must be viewed from many angles. Technological innovations in the agricultural sector allow farmers to increase the crop yield more economically. Technological innovations also enable farmers to use and conserve limited natural resources more effectively. This results in substantial savings in terms of agricultural engineering and resource use. As a result of these advancements, agriculture has been able to diversify into many different types of farming including cattle ranching, dairy farms, sheep and poultry ranching, vineyards, pastures, forestry and so on.
agriculture technology must be viewed from the perspective of the present day farmer. Technological innovations have enabled farmers to control pests, enhance soil fertility, improve crop production and enhance animal growth and health. New technologies based on the latest research in agriculture have allowed farmers to breed disease-resistant plants and crops. This has increased food security in the country. Some of these diseases include botulism, salmonella and E. coli.
Advances in agriculture technology have also enabled farmers to increase production by developing better agricultural machinery. Advancements in agricultural machinery give farmers greater productivity. Some of the most important machinery in the agricultural sector include combines, harvesters, sprayers, trenchers and ploughs. The development of better agricultural technology ensures improved food quality.
Agriculture technology can be broadly divided into three sectors – technology and innovation, agriculture and food and feed, and agro-chemicals. Agriculture technolatry is related to the design, manufacture and deployment of agricultural technology. Agriculture technolatry encompasses various other activities like controlling the quality of agricultural products, livestock, food processing and feed. It also deals with the improvement of agricultural productivity and quality through improved mechanization. Agriculture technolatry includes food and feed industry, animal breeding, pharmaceutical engineering and allied technical services.
Agriculture is one of the world’s main agricultural industries and contributes significantly to the economic well-being of the nation. Agriculture technolatry and innovation lay the foundation for the growth and development of agriculture. It provides the tools for effective management of the natural resources of an agricultural region. Agriculture is one of the crucial components of economic activity globally. The process of agriculture technolatry can help farmers in creating a productive and competitive agricultural system and promoting rural development.
The process of agriculture technolatry focuses on the designing, development and implementation of agricultural instruments and techniques that will make farming more efficient and economical. There are many issues that need to be addressed to ensure the productivity of the farmer’s inputs, agricultural produce and the overall agricultural economy. With increasing inputs and fuel costs, farmers around the world are turning to agro-chemicals to solve these problems. This has given rise to a vast variety of chemical-based farm equipment and products.
Today, modern techniques have made possible the production of diverse varieties of farm equipment that can be utilized by small farmers to improve their productivity. Modern farm equipment is made available in different configurations and at affordable prices. These machines make it possible to increase the yield per acre. This helps farmers in reducing the input cost and hence improving profitability. Agrochemical companies are constantly engaged in research and development processes, to introduce better and innovative technologies into the agricultural arena.
In agriculture technolatry, specialized farm equipment and techniques are required to cultivate various kinds of agricultural produce such as cereals, oilseeds, pulses, vegetables, fruits, trees and hay. Chemical fertilizers and pesticides are used on these crops to promote growth and improve the quality of the produce. For instance, in India, cotton production increases up to five times depending upon the climatic conditions. However, in many parts of the world, drought is an issue that impedes the productivity of the crop. In such scenarios, modern irrigation techniques and sprinkler systems are adopted that include automatic irrigation systems, water reservoirs and mechanized pumps.
Another important use of agriculture technolatry is in increasing the production of livestock. Since the produce needs to be transported to market, many smallholders lack the capacity to do so. But with the advent of new techniques, it has become possible to farm various types of livestock such as poultry, buffaloes, ostriches, deer and many more. Similarly, there are many dairy farms in India, where modern dairy products are being produced at a very high rate. So, agriculture is not only essential for producing food, but it also contributes towards improving the quality of the environment.