Recent Technologies in Agriculture
Posted On August 2, 2021
Recent Technologies in Agriculture
Agriculture Technologie is the application of technologies in agriculture, horticulture, or aquaculture with an aim of enhancing productivity, efficiency, and profit. Agriculture has been one of the oldest sectors of human civilisation and plays a crucial role in shaping global politics and economics. In recent times, agriculture has been among the fastest growing occupations in developing countries, requiring skilled professionals who possess the right combination of management skill, technical aptitude, marketing know-how, financial expertise, as well as entrepreneurial spirit. The agriculture industry is constantly looking for professionals who can deliver the required degree to attain entry-level positions or those who are willing to venture into newer areas of agriculture.
The growth rate of the sector is significantly influenced by the technological advances in agriculture technology that are implemented by farmers. Technologies that have been adopted by agriculturalists help them in increasing yields, reducing the input costs involved in farming, enhancing pest control and safety, conserving water, improving the quality of soils and fertilisers, minimising energy consumption, and even decreasing the use of chemicals. These technologies can either be basic or advanced. Agriculture technologists therefore play a pivotal role in ensuring that the modern day agriculture is well equipped to meet the ever-growing food demands of consumers.
Agriculture technologists are faced with a plethora of challenges when compared to other technologists employed in other fields. In an era of increasing globalization, agriculture is confronted with increased pressures from multinational corporations and investors from all over the world. Agriculture Technologists are required to implement advanced technologies that reduce the inputs, while improving the processes involved in production and marketing. The technologist is therefore required to be able to communicate effectively and work as a team player. Agriculture is an extremely diverse field, with an enormous amount of scientific and technical knowledge required for successful agriculture. As a result, agriculture is a comparatively complex area.
The division of labour has led to the specialization of many different tasks across many different industries. In agriculture, the various tasks involved include tilling the land, sowing and re-sowing the same, fertilizing the land, controlling the pests and managing the crop growth. With the emergence of new technologies and improved methods of production, farmers have been able to increase their yields. The increase in crop yields has made agriculture one of the key drivers of economic activity in India. Improved cropping patterns, mechanized farming, and improved techniques of management have all resulted in an increase in the volume of agricultural production. In fact, the volume of agricultural production in India has been consistently on the rise, despite a slowdown in the economy.
Tilling, sowing and re-sowing represent the core activities of agricultural technology. These processes have helped in creating fertile lands and have resulted in crop production that is unmatched in the domestic market. Modern day agriculture is highly concentrated in the States of Gujarat and Punjab. However, in the backwaters of West Bengal the major role of agriculture technology is also taking up. Modern day agriculture is a science which has made tremendous progress in the past 50 years.
There are several agricultural technologies that are making tremendous advancement in the fields of agriculture. Some of the latest and greatest in the list are – Biotechnology, Computer Technology, Electromagnetic Management, Integrated Crop Producers, No-till, Biomass Energy, Integrated Tillage, etc. All these technologies are making huge improvements in the yield and quality of the crops that are grown. In addition, some of these innovations have resulted in creating huge wealth.
One of the most successful innovations has been the introduction of yield monitoring sensors. This technology has led to the total elimination of manual labor thus making farming not only more economical but also more efficient. This is why farmers in India are now opting for sophisticated machinery in order to increase the productivity of their crops.
The demand for high-yield farming techniques is increasing since natural resources are fast being depleted. Since agriculture needs large amount of capital investment nowadays, the introduction of new technologies have helped farmers save a lot of money. The use of chemicals on a large scale is not possible anymore as it pollutes the environment. Farmers are now opting for natural methods of growing crops hence they are able to save a lot of money due to the new technologies introduced.